Dystonia is a condition where your muscles contract involuntarily. The uncontrollable spasms are caused by incorrect signals from the brain.


  • Involuntary muscle contractions
  • Abnormal posture
  • Increased frequency when stressed or fatigued

Potential causes

  • Genetic mutations
  • Druginduced
  • Birth injury
  • Stoke
  • A symptom of other neurological disorders.

Essential tremors

Essential tremor, a nervous system disorder, is not dangerous, but symptoms can worsen with age causing patients to experience frustration with simple tasks such as tying shoelaces or drinking from a glass when hands are affected. Up to 10 million people in the U.S. experience essentials tremors, making it the most common movement disorder.


  • Uncontrollable shaking for short periods of time
  • Shaking voice
  • Head nodding
  • Worsening tremor during stress
  • Reduced shaking when resting
  • Less often, problems with balance

Potential causes

  • Genetic mutation
  • Electrical fluctuations in the brain

Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's Disease is a progressive nervous system disorder developing gradually from a minor tremor and stiffness to potentially diminishing facial expressions and overall movement.


  • Tremor of the hands, legs, arms, jaw, and face
  • Stiffness of limbs and body
  • Impaired balance
  • Slow movement

Potential causes

  • Though experts are uncertain, many believe causes are genetic and environmental
  • Vary person to person

Treatment options

  • Surgical
  • Frameless Deep Brain Stimulation